This enviable title has been awarded to Manu National Park in Peru, now believed to contain the greatest variety of terrestrial species on Earth. Following exhaustive research conducted across 16 of the most biodiverse places in the world, using 60 camera traps, Manu’s pristine mosaic of 14 different ecosystems came out on top. The study was carried out by the Tropical Ecology Assessment and Monitoring [TEAM] Network, utilising systematic field station data collection procedures honed over many years to ensure the utmost veracity. Their work serves to identify trends in species diversity, which can then inform and shape conservation strategy.
The Yasuni National Park in Ecuador is considered by many to be the most biodiverse habitat in the world. It is home to at least 169 species of mammal, 20 of which are endangered, 150 species of amphibian, 121 types of reptiles, 382 fish species, 596 different kinds of bird, 100,000 types of insect and more types of tree per hectare than anywhere else on the planet. Some of this wonderful flora and fauna is captured in the remote camera footage above. However, the future conservation of this pristine Amazonian wilderness is endangered, as the Ecuadorian government has now reluctantly signed permits allowing oil drilling to begin below its rainforest from 2016.